6. The accelerometer¶
Here you will learn how to read the accelerometer and signal using LEDs states like tilt left and tilt right.
6.1. Using the accelerometer¶
The pyboard has an accelerometer (a tiny mass on a tiny spring) that can be used to detect the angle of the board and motion. There is a different sensor for each of the x, y, z directions. To get the value of the accelerometer, create a pyb.Accel() object and then call the x() method.
>>> accel = pyb.Accel() >>> accel.x() 7
This returns a signed integer with a value between around -30 and 30. Note that the measurement is very noisy, this means that even if you keep the board perfectly still there will be some variation in the number that you measure. Because of this, you shouldn’t use the exact value of the x() method but see if it is in a certain range.
We will start by using the accelerometer to turn on a light if it is not flat.
accel = pyb.Accel() light = pyb.LED(3) SENSITIVITY = 3 while True: x = accel.x() if abs(x) > SENSITIVITY: light.on() else: light.off() pyb.delay(100)
We create Accel and LED objects, then get the value of the x direction of the
accelerometer. If the magnitude of x is bigger than a certain value
then the LED turns on, otherwise it turns off. The loop has a small
otherwise the LED flashes annoyingly when the value of x is close to
SENSITIVITY. Try running this on the pyboard and tilt the board left and right
to make the LED turn on and off.
Exercise: Change the above script so that the blue LED gets brighter the more you tilt the pyboard. HINT: You will need to rescale the values, intensity goes from 0-255.
6.2. Making a spirit level¶
The example above is only sensitive to the angle in the x direction but if we
y() value and more LEDs we can turn the pyboard into a spirit level.
xlights = (pyb.LED(2), pyb.LED(3)) ylights = (pyb.LED(1), pyb.LED(4)) accel = pyb.Accel() SENSITIVITY = 3 while True: x = accel.x() if x > SENSITIVITY: xlights.on() xlights.off() elif x < -SENSITIVITY: xlights.on() xlights.off() else: xlights.off() xlights.off() y = accel.y() if y > SENSITIVITY: ylights.on() ylights.off() elif y < -SENSITIVITY: ylights.on() ylights.off() else: ylights.off() ylights.off() pyb.delay(100)
We start by creating a tuple of LED objects for the x and y directions. Tuples are immutable objects in python which means they can’t be modified once they are created. We then proceed as before but turn on a different LED for positive and negative x values. We then do the same for the y direction. This isn’t particularly sophisticated but it does the job. Run this on your pyboard and you should see different LEDs turning on depending on how you tilt the board.